Arizona State University Network Science Seminar Series

Upcoming Seminar: Fog Computing and Networking: A New Paradigm for 5G and IoT Services

Speaker T. Russell Hsing (National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan)
Date 2:00 p.m., May 23rd, 2017
Location GWC 487
Short Bio
Dr. T. Russell Hsing, a Life Fellow of the IEEE, Fellow of British Computer Society (BCS) in UK, and Fellow of the SPIE-The Internal Society for Optical Engineering. He is now Chair professor of National Chiao Tung University in Hsin-Chu, Taiwan (Aug. 2012 – Present), Visiting Professor for POSTECH in Pohang, Korea (Sep. 1 – Dec. 31 2012), Adjunct Professor with the Chinese Univesity of Hong Kong (since 2015) and Industrial Adviser to the EDGE Lab. of Princeton University (since 2011). Before March, 2012, he has been a Director first (1986-1995) and then Executive Director (1995-March, 2012) to manage and lead the Emerging Technologies and Services Research Department at Telcordia Technologies (formerly Bell core) for 26 years. He was also supervising Directors for the Telcordia Applied Research Center in Poland (TARC-PL) and Taiwan (TARC-TW). Currently he is also an adjunct professor of the Electrical Engineering Department at the Arizona State University, a Member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the Institute of Networks Coding at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, and a visiting professor at the Peking University in China. He is also a member of the IEEE Fellow Committee in 2012, a member for the IEEE Kiyo Tomiyasu Award Committee, and the IEEE Sumner Award Committee for the IEEE; and a member of the Award Committee (2011-2013) for the IEEE Communications Society. He has been a co-Editor-in-Chief of the ICT Book Series for the John Wiley & Sons Publications, Inc. since 2007; and a Founding Editor for the Journal of Visual Communications and Image Representation since 1990. He is now a member for the IEEE Fellow Committee, and a member of the Award Committee for the IEEE Communications Society (since 2011)
Pushing processing and storage into the “cloud” has been a key trend in networking and distributed systems in the past decade. In the next wave of network architecture and technology advance, the cloud is now descending to be diffused among the client devices, often with mobility too: the cloud is becoming “fog.” For example, more than just faster speed, 5G wireless networks need to be cognitive of end-user application needs. Questions on fairness, robustness, privacy, security, and efficiency need to be revisited. Furthermore, empowered by chips such as Atom and emergent communication protocols, each client device today is powerful in computation, in storage, and in communication. Yet client devices are still limited in battery power, global view of the network, and mobility support. Recognizing the gap between “Cloud” and “Things,” IEEE has stepped up its efforts on filling the “Cloud-to-Thing” continuum through growing its activities in fog computing, communications, storage and control, i.e., “Fog.” Most interestingly, the collection of many Fog-based Networks in a crowd presents a highly distributed, under-organized and dense network.

The goal of starting the Fog Computing & Networking research is to investigate the optimization of resources that are virtualized, pooled, and shared unpredictably. Fog Networking revisits the role of clients in network architectures, more than just an end-user device, but also as an integral part of the control plane that monitors, measures, and manages the network. This is rewriting the traditional practice of using heavy-duty and dedicated network elements for network measurement and management Fog Computing & Networking combine the study of mobile communications, fog-based radio access network (F-RAN) in 5G, distributed systems, and big data analytics into an exciting new area. Based on our preliminary research, it shows that new emerging services (such as V2V in Vehicular Telematics Services, Industry 4.0 and e-Healthcare Services) could be realized and implemented easily and economically. It could be also served as core engine to enable many Services in Internet of Things (IoT) applications. Both of Future Research Directions and the ICT Convergence for Entrepreneurs in the area of Fog Computing and Networking will be discussed in this talk.


Title Speaker Time Location
Subspace Detection with Applications Louis Scharf (Colorado State University) 1:30 p.m., Jan 26th, 2017 GWC 487
An Informational Perspective on Uncertainty in Control Gireeja Ranade (Microsoft Research, Redmond) 1:30 p.m., Feb 27th, 2017 GWC 409
Orthogonal precoding for sidelobe suppression in DFT-based systems using block reflectors Vaughan Clarkson (University of Queensland) 1:30 p.m., Mar 3rd, 2017 GWC 487
On addressing uncertainty and high-dimensionality in optimization and variational inequality problems: self-tuned stepsizes, and randomized block coordinate schemes Farzad Yousefian (Oklahoma State University) 1:30 p.m., Mar 17th, 2017 GWC 487
Network interference cancelation Olav Tirkkonen (Aalto University, Finland) 1:30 p.m., April 6th, 2017 GWC 487
Fog Computing and Networking: A New Paradigm for 5G and IoT Services T. Russell Hsing (National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan) 2:00 p.m., May 23rd, 2017 GWC 487

Subspace Detection with Applications

Speaker Louis Scharf (Colorado State University)
Date 1:30 p.m., Jan 26, 2017
Location GWC 487
Short Bio
Louis Scharf received his Ph.D. from the University of Washington, Seattle. From 1971 to 1982 he served as Professor of Electrical Engineering and Statistics at CSU. From 1982 to 1985 he was Professor and Chairman of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Rhode Island, Kingston. From 1985 to 2000 he was Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Colorado, Boulder. In January 2001, Professor Scharf rejoins Colorado State University as Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Statistics.

Professor Scharf has held several visiting positions here and abroad. He has developed particularly close ties with Ecole Superieure d'Electricite (Gif-sur-Yvette), Ecole Nationale Superieure des Telecommunications (Paris), and EURECOM (Nice). He is a recognized expert in statistical signal processing, as it applies to adaptive radar, sonar, and wireless communication. His most important contributions to date are to invariance theories for detection and estimation; matched and adaptive subspace detectors for radar, sonar, and data communication; and canonical decompositions for reduced dimensional filtering and quantizing. His current interests are in rapidly-adaptive receiver design for space-time signal processing in the wireless communication channel.

Professor Scharf is a Fellow of IEEE. He chairs the Fellow Committee for the IEEE Signal Processing Society, and serves on its Technical Committees for Theory and Methods and for Sensor Arrays and Multichannel Signal Processing. He has received numerous awards for his research contributions to statistical signal processing, including an IEEE Distinguished Lectureship, an IEEE Third Millenium Medal, and the Technical Achievement Award from the IEEE Signal Processing Society.
(To be Updated)

An informational perspective on uncertainty in control

Speaker Gireeja Ranade (Microsoft Research, Redmond)
Date 1:30 p.m., Feb 27, 2017
Location GWC 409
Short Bio
Gireeja Ranade is a postdoctoral researcher at Microsoft Research, Redmond. Before this she was a lecturer in EECS at UC Berkeley working on designing and teaching the pilot version of novel lower-division EECS classes (16AB). She received an MS and PhD in EECS from UC Berkeley and an SB in EECS from MIT. She has worked on topics in brain-machine interfaces, information theory, control theory, wireless communications and crowdsourcing.
Developing high-performance cyber-physical systems requires a deep understanding of how uncertainty and unpredictability impair performance. In this talk, I discuss some theoretical perspectives to understand uncertainty in systems as well as practical protocols to mitigate it. I will first introduce a notion of "control capacity," which parallels the notion of Shannon communication capacity, and provides a fundamental limit on the ability to stabilize a system with random time-varying parameters (modeled as multiplicative noise). Further, it can be used to quantify the value of side-information in control. We contrast systems with noisy actuation (e.g., when motors on a drone cannot precisely execute control actions) to noisy sensing (e.g., miscalibrated cameras). In the first case, we show that linear control strategies are optimal, while in the second, we show that non-linear strategies can outperform them. Further, we use techniques from information-theory and probability-theory to bound the improvement that non-linear strategies can bring. Finally, I will shift from quantifying the effect of uncertainty to methods for reducing uncertainty. With the aim of enabling industrial automation, I will discuss the development of highly-reliable low-latency wireless communication protocols for machine-to-machine communication. The talk will include joint work with Jian Ding, Yuval Peres, Govind Ramnarayan, Anant Sahai, Sahaana Suri, Vasuki Narasimha Swamy, and Alex Zhai.

Orthogonal precoding for sidelobe suppression in DFT-based systems using block reflectors

Speaker Vaughan Clarkson (University of Queensland)
Date 1:30 p.m., Mar 3, 2017
Location GWC 487
Short Bio
Bachelor of Science (Mathematics), UQ, 1989
Bachelor of Engineering (Computer Systems; Hons I), UQ, 1990
Doctor of Philosophy, ANU, 1997
Sidelobe suppression has always been an important part of crafting communications signals to keep interference with users of adjacent spectrum to a minimum. Systems based on the discrete Fourier transform, such as orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) and single-carrier frequency-division multiple access (SC-FDMA) are especially prone to out-of-band power leakage. Although many techniques have been proposed to suppress sidelobes in DFT-based systems, a satisfactory balance between computational complexity and out-of-band power leakage has remained elusive.

Orthogonal precoding is a promising, linear technique in which the nullspace of a precoding matrix with orthonormal columns is designed to suppress the sidelobes. Orthogonal precoders have been proposed that yield excellent out-of-band suppression. However, they suffer from high arithmetic complexity—quadratic in the number of active subcarriers—which has limited their application.

In this talk, we find that the arithmetic complexity can be made linear instead of quadratic if a block reflector is used to perform the precoding instead of an otherwise unstructured unitary transformation. There is no penalty to be paid in achieved bit-error rate. We show by numerical simulation that the penalty in peak-to-average power ratio is also very small for OFDM.

On addressing uncertainty and high-dimensionality in optimization and variational inequality problems: self-tuned stepsizes, and randomized block coordinate schemes

Speaker Farzad Yousefian (Oklahoma State University)
Date 1:30 p.m., Mar 17, 2017
Location GWC 487
Short Bio
Farzad Yousefian is currently an assistant professor in the school of Industrial Engineering and Management at Oklahoma State University. Before joining OSU, he was a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering at Penn State. He obtained his Ph.D. in industrial engineering from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 2013. His thesis is focused on the design, analysis, and implementation of stochastic approximation methods for solving optimization and variational problems in nonsmooth and uncertain regimes. His current research interests lie in the development of efficient algorithms to address ill-posed stochastic optimization and equilibrium problems arising from machine learning and multi-agent systems. He is the recipient of the best theoretical paper award in the 2013 Winter Simulation Conference.
A wide range of emerging applications in machine learning, signal processing, and multi-agent systems result in optimization, and more generally variational inequality problems. Such models are often complicated by uncertainty, and/or high-dimensionality. In the first part of this talk, we consider stochastic mirror descent methods for solving stochastic convex optimization problems. It has been discussed that the performance of this class of methods is very sensitive to the choice of the stepsize sequence. Motivated by this gap, we present a unifying self-tuned update rule for the stepsize sequence such that: (i) it is characterized in terms of problem parameters and algorithm’s settings; and (ii) under this update rule, a suitably defined error metric is minimized. We present the performance of this update rule for the soft margin linear SVM problem over different large data sets.

In the second part of the talk, motivated by multi-user optimization problems and non-cooperative Nash games in uncertain regimes, we consider stochastic Cartesian variational inequalities where the number of the component sets is huge. We develop a randomized block stochastic mirror-prox (B-SMP) algorithm, where at each iteration only a randomly selected block coordinate of the solution is updated through implementing two consecutive projection steps. The convergence analysis of the B-SMP method equipped with rate statements will be presented.

Network interference cancelation

Speaker Olav Tirkkonen (Aalto University, Finland)
Date 1:30 p.m., April 6th, 2017
Location GWC 487
Short Bio
Olav Tirkkonen is associate professor in communication theory at the Department of Communications and Networking in Aalto University, Finland, where he has held a faculty position since August 2006. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in theoretical physics from Helsinki University of Technology in 1990 and 1994, respectively. Between 1994 and 1999 he held post-doctoral positions at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics, Copenhagen, Denmark. From 1999 to 2010 he was with Nokia Research Center (NRC), Helsinki, Finland. He has published some 200 papers, and is coauthor of the book "Multiantenna transceiver techniques for 3G and beyond". His current research interests are in coding theory, multiantenna techniques, and cognitive management of 5G cellular networks.
The best known strategies in multiuser interference channels are based on advanced Interference Cancelation (IC) receivers, where the 2-user case have been thoroughly analyzed. Despite this, limited use has been made of network interference cancelation in existing wireless systems. In this talk, the potential of using limited complexity IC receivers in User Equipment (UE) of Device-to-Device (D2D) and cellular networks are discussed. First, the potential of fully distributed IC and Power Control (PC) strategies to provide Radio Resource Management (RRM) in D2D networks are considered. In a game theoretical setting, it is observed that, counterintuitively, a strategic player may voluntarily reduce its transmit power to increase its rate. In a D2D network this leads to low complexity distributed RRM with limited cost of anarchy, as compared to a centralized proportionally fair solution. Next, the potential of using IC at UEs to improve cell-edge performance in a heterogeneous cellular network is addressed. It is shown that applying network IC at UEs breaks the cellular paradigm. With Network IC, some users are best served by their second best cell, using IC against the signal from the strongest cell. This can be used to significantly boost the consistency of user experience over wide area networks.